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Linux二进制包安装MySQL 5.7的步骤

发表时间:2019-05-11 23:45 | 分类:Mysql | 浏览:645 次

MySQL 5.7提供二进制包的安装,相比yum安装麻烦点,但相比编译安装还是会方便很多。二进制包不需要自行编译mysql源码,瞎下载后可直接使用,绿色版安装。二进制包安装也和编译一样,可以灵活指定需要的MySQL版本。下面就以centos系统为例安装。

一、下载MySQL 5.7二进制包

下载页面:https://dev.mysql.com/downloads/mysql/5.7.html#downloads

OS选择:linux generic,按照系统版本下载。

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.26-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

TIM截图20190511225357

二、创建用户

groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin mysql

三、解压安装

tar zxf mysql-5.7.26-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
cd /usr/local
ln -s mysql-5.7.26-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql

四、设置环境变量

echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin" >> /etc/profile
source /etc/profile

五、配置MySQL

例如把mysql数据放在/data/mysql目录,创建目录。

mkdir -pv /data/mysql
chown mysql.mysql /data/mysql
chmod go-rwx /data/mysql

配置my.cnf,例如

vim /etc/my.cnf
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
pid_file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid
datadir = /data/mysql
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
max_allowed_packet = 512M
max_connections = 2048
open_files_limit = 65535

skip-name-resolve
lower_case_table_names=1

character-set-server = utf8mb4
collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci
init_connect='SET NAMES utf8mb4'

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M
innodb_log_file_size = 1024M
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 0

key_buffer_size = 64M

log-error = /data/mysql/mysql_error.log

log-bin = /data/mysql/mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 10

slow_query_log = 1
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/slow_query.log
long_query_time = 1

server-id=1

具体路径和配置根据自己需求可以修改。

六、初始化

执行初始化命令,执行完会在 /data/mysql 生成数据文件。

mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql

在日志文件里会提示一个临时密码,记录这个密码。本例中是 3igikt:T&p1r

TIM截图20190511232138

七、配置启动脚本

cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
chkconfig --add mysqld
chkconfig  mysqld on
chkconfig --list |grep mysqld

八、启动MySQL

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

看到进程说明启动成功。

TIM截图20190511232716

九、登录和重置root密码

# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: 输入上面的临时密码
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.26-log

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases ;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.
mysql> alter user user() identified by "123456";
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.43 sec)
mysql> exit
# mysql -uroot -p123456
# 新密码可以登录了

十、安全设置

可根据自己需要设置MySQL的安全配置。密码复杂度插件测试环境我就不安装了。例如

# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Enter password for user root: 

VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN can be used to test passwords
and improve security. It checks the strength of password
and allows the users to set only those passwords which are
secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin?

Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: 
Using existing password for root.
Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : 

 ... skipping.
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user,
allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have
a user account created for them. This is intended only for
testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother.
You should remove them before moving into a production
environment.

Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y
Success.


Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from
'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at
the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y
Success.

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that
anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing,
and should be removed before moving into a production
environment.


Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y
 - Dropping test database...
Success.

 - Removing privileges on test database...
Success.

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes
made so far will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
Success.

All done! 

到这里linux下二进制方式安装MySQL就完成了。

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